Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is a subtype of female urogenital fistula (UGF).
In addition to the medical sequelae from these fistulas, they often have a profound effect on the patient's emotional well-being.
It is often caused by childbirth (in which case it is known as an obstetric fistula), when a prolonged labor presses the unborn child tightly against the pelvis, cutting off blood flow to the vesicovaginal wall. The affected tissue may necrotize, leaving a hole.
Vaginal fistulas can also result from violent rape. This injury has become common in some war zones, where rape is used as a weapon against civilian populations. As a result, some health centers in countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo have begun to specialize in the surgical repair of vaginal fistulas.
- One By One - a nonprofit organization working to eliminate obstetric fistula.
- FORWARD - a charity that works to eliminate VVF/fistula and gender-based discriminatory practices such as FGM and child marriage which can cause VVF
- Women's Health and Education Center